Basketball is about making baskets but sometimes players – weekend warriors
and professionals – score injuries at the same time. While some injuries like
jammed fingers come about suddenly during a game, others such as Achilles
tendonitis and shoulder problems develop over time. Regardless of how they
happen, injuries need to be taken seriously.
It Doesn’t Hurt So Good
If you jam a finger, a physician
should determine whether your finger is broken and whether you should use a
splint to aid healing.
In the case of Achilles tendonitis, the tendon that connects the muscles of
the calf to the heel can become inflamed and swollen. Initially, you should use
over-the-counter, anti-inflammatory drugs along with appropriate calf-stretching
exercises. However, you should also receive prompt treatment because Achilles
tendonitis can put you at risk for a complete tendon tear.
Inflamed shoulder tendons show up in the form of rotator cuff tendonitis,
which can be experienced in any sport that requires players to frequently raise
their arms over their heads. If you incur an injury, you should rest your
shoulder and use ice packs and physical therapy to strengthen the involved
Sprains are some of the most common basketball
injuries. Sprained ankles can happen when jumping players land on another’s
feet, causing the ankle to bend unnaturally. When this bending stretches or
tears ankle ligaments, the result is a painful, swollen sprain. For a typical
sprain, you should rest and elevate your leg and use an ice pack to reduce
Like sprained ankles, sprained knees are the result of stretched or torn
ligaments. Symptoms include pain, swelling and sometimes spasms. As with any
typical sprain, you should immobilize the joint for several days and use an ice
pack and over-the-counter pain medication.
If you cannot control pain with over-the-counter medication within a few
days, you should consult a sports medicine doctor. Some sprains are severe
enough that surgery should be considered. You should include appropriate
rehabilitation exercises as part of final recovery to discourage re-injury.
Tears of the Meniscus and ACL
In addition to sprains,
knees can experience other injuries, including tears to the meniscus, a
shock-absorbing buffer between the upper and lower leg bones. Once again,
twisting or over-flexing is the cause. When the meniscus is torn, your knee may
become unstable. You can wear a special brace to immobilize the knee and aid
healing. However, if instability increases, you might need minimally invasive
Running, pivoting and the impact following a jump can cause another
basketball knee injury – a partial or complete tear of the anterior cruciate
ligament (ACL), which often sounds like a pop. Found in the middle of the knee,
the ACL enables the joint to rotate in a stable manner and keeps the tibia from
sliding out in front of the femur. In addition to using a splint, ice pack and
elevation, you should have a sports medicine doctor evaluate an ACL injury to
determine if you need surgery. Although some athletes can live comfortably with
an ACL injury, un-repaired ACL tears could lead to arthritis.
Learn more about how to avoid sports injuries.