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Injuries & Treatments

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First Aid

Managing cuts, lacerations, abrasions, allergic reactions, insect bites/stings, and weather related injuries are commonly seen in the athletic population. It is important to recognize these injuries and treat them as quickly and safely as you can. Described below are the differences and treatment options for each condition.

Cuts/Lacerations | Allergic Reactions | Cold Weather | Insect Bite/Sting


Call 911 for any major open wound

Control any bleeding

  • Apply direct pressure to the affected area
  • Apply pressure to major artery above affected area

Prevent infection

  • Wash/debris area once bleeding is controlled cover/bandage
  • Use sterile dry bandages to cover wound

When it needs stitches

  • Bleeding from artery or uncontrolled bleeding
  • Wounds that show muscle, bone or gape widely
  • Wounds from large or deeply imbedded objects
  • Wounds from bites (human or animal)
  • Wounds on or around the face, hands or feet

Allergic Reactions

Symptoms of an Allergic Reaction

  • Trouble breathing
  • Swelling of the face/neck
  • Swelling of the affected area
  • Extreme burning/itching
  • Numbness/tingling
  • Muscle stiffening

Call 911 Immediately

Ask if athlete has medication or an Epinephrine Pen for allergic reasons.


Do not allow athlete to return to regular activity until cleared by a physician.

Cold Weather

Moderate Symptoms - Frostbite

  • Lack of feeling in the affected area
  • Swelling
  • Waxy discolored skin (white, yellow, blue)


  • Put on dry clothes and gradually warm the body
  • Warm slowly with skin to skin contact or warm bath
  • Seek medical attention

Severe Symptoms - Hypothermia

  • Shivering
  • Numbness
  • Glassy Stare
  • Loss of consciousness

Call 911 Immediately

  • If not breathing start CPR and get an AED
  • Move to a warm location
  • Put on dry clothes gradually warm the body

Insect Bite/Sting

  • Remove any visible stinger
  • Wash the site with soap and water
  • Cover the site and keep clean
  • Apply a cold pack to reduce pain and swelling
  • Call 911 if any trouble breathing occurs